Monday, January 9, 2012

50 Important Cinematographers- and Their Top 10 Movies



Cinematography is often denigrated or ignored; they say if you notice the cinematography in a movie, it can’t be much of a movie. But think about this: on T.V. you can get good scripts, good direction, and good acting but hardly ever do you see a TV program that looks amazing.  Whereas there are 100’s of movies, from Sunrise to The Graduate to The Tree of Life, which have stunning visuals. Cinematography is thus perhaps one of cinema’s most precious gifts, one area where it has no peers.

Here are some of its heroes. While a few, such as Gregg Toland, Gordon Willis & Sven Nykvist, are well-known, most are very much under-appreciated. I have tried to select a cross-section of the notable films these DPs have worked on and have, with some difficulty, restricted the selection to a maximum of 10. In most cases their careers take in many more films of interest.

In fact these cinematographers often have far more interesting filmographies than very well-known actors and directors. Consider George Perinal, for example, whose career spans classic French films of the early 30’s, major Alexander Korda productions in Britain later in that decade and Michael Powell and Carol Reed films in the late 1940’s. Or what about Michael Ballhaus, whose career forms a strange connection between Rainer Werner Fassbinder and Martin Scorsese, or Carlo Di Palma, who in a similar way connects Michelangelo Antinioni to Woody Allen. There are all kinds of intriguing matters like this for the film fan to consider in the lists below.



Nestor Almendros (Sp.)
1.         Ma Nuit Chez Maud (1969)
2.         L' Enfant sauvage, (1970)
3.         Claire's Knee (1970)
4.         Two English Girls (1971)
5.         Chloe in the Afternoon (1972)
6.         Days of Heaven (1978)
7.         Kramer vs. Kramer (1979)
8.         Sophie's Choice (1982)
Michael Ballhaus (Ger.)
1.         The Bitter Tears of Petra von Kant  (1972)
2.         Fox and His Friends (1975)
3.         The Marriage of Maria Braun(1979)
4.         The Last Temptation of Christ (1988)
5.         Goodfellas (1990)
6.         Postcards from the Edge (1990)
7.         The Age of Innocence (1993)
8.         Gangs of New York (2002)
9.         The Departed (2006)
Billy Bitzer (US)
1.         The Birth of a Nation (1915)
2.         Intolerance (1916)
3.         True Heart Susie (1919)
4.         Broken Blossoms (1919)
5.         Orphans of the Storm (1921)
Robert Burks (US)
1.         The Glass Menagerie (1950)
2.         Strangers on a Train (1951)
3.         The Enforcer (1951)
4.         I Confess (1953)
5.         Rear Window (1954)
6.         To Catch a Thief (1955)
7.         Vertigo (1958)
8.         North by Northwest (1959)
9.         The Birds (1963)
10.       Marnie (1964)
Jack Cardiff (UK)
1.         A Matter of Life and Death (1946)
2.         Black Narcissus (1947)
3.         The Red Shoes (1948)
4.         The African Queen (1951)
5.         Pandora and the Flying Dutchman (1951)
6.         The Barefoot Contessa (1954)
7.         War and Peace (1956)
8.         Death on the Nile (1978)
9.         The Dogs of War (1981)
Michael Chapman (US)
1.         The Last Detail (1973)
2.         The Front (1976)
3.         Taxi Driver (1976)
4.         Invasion of the Body Snatchers (1978)
5.         The Last Waltz (1978)
6.         Raging Bull (1980)
7.         Dead Men Don't Wear Plaid (1982)
8.         The Fugitive (1993)
9.         Primal Fear (1996)
 Raoul Coutard (Fr.)
1.         À Bout de Souffle (1960)
2.         Shoot the Piano Player (1960)
3.         Chronique D'un Été (1961)
4.         Vivre Sa Vie (1962)
5.         Jules et Jim (1962)
6.         Le Mépris (1963)
7.         2 Ou 3 Choses Que Je Sais D'elle (1967)
8.         Week End (1967)
9.         Z (1969)
10.       Prénom Carmen (1983)
William H. Daniels (US)
1.         Greed (1924)
2.         Grand Hotel (1932)
3.         Anna Karenina (1935)
4.         Ninotchka (1939)
5.         The Mortal Storm (1940)
6.         The Shop Around the Corner (1940)
7.         The Naked City (1948)
8.         Harvey (1950)
9.         Winchester '73 (1950)
10.       Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (1958)
Roger Deakins (UK)
1.         Nineteen Eighty-Four (1984)
2.         Barton Fink (1991)
3.         The Shawshank Redemption (1994)
4.         Fargo (1996)
5.         Kundun (1997)
6.         The Big Lebowski (1998)
7.         A Beautiful Mind (2001)
8.         The Man Who Wasn't There (2001)
9.         No Country for Old Men (2007)
10.       The Reader (2008)
Henri Decae (Fr.)
1.         Les Enfants Terribles (1950)
2.         Bob le Flambeur (1956)
3.         Elevator to the Gallows (1958)
4.         Les Cousins (1959)
5.         The 400 Blows (1959)
6.         Sundays and Cybele (1962)
7.         Le Samourai (1967)
8.         The Comedians (1967)
9.         The Only Game in Town (1970)
10.       The Boys from Brazil (1978)
Carlo Di Palma (It.)
1.         Divorce - Italian Style (1961)
2.         The Red Desert (1964)
3.         Blowup (1966)
4.         Hannah and Her Sisters (1986)
5.         Husbands and Wives (1992)
6.         Bullets Over Broadway (1994)
7.         Everyone Says I Love You (1996)
8.         Deconstructing Harry (1997)
Christopher Doyle (Austral.)
1.         Days of Being Wild (1991)
2.         Chungking Express (1994)
3.         Psycho (1998)
4.         In the Mood for Love (2000)
5.         Hero (2002)
6.         The Quiet American (2002)
7.         Rabbit-Proof Fence (2002)
8.         Last Life in the Universe (2003)
9.         2046 (2004)
10.       Paranoid Park (2007)
Freddie Francis (UK)
1.         Room at the Top (1959)
2.         Sons and Lovers (1960)
3.         Saturday Night and Sunday Morning (1960)
4.         The Innocents (1961)
5.         The Elephant Man (1980)
6.         The French Lieutenant's Woman (1981)
7.         Dune (1984)
8.         Cape Fear (1991)
9.         The Straight Story (1999)
Karl Freund (Czech)
1.         The Last Laugh (1924)
2.         Berlin, Symphony of a City (1927)
3.         Metropolis (1927)
4.         All Quiet on the Western Front (1930)
5.         Dracula (1931)
6.         Camille (1936)
7.         Pride and Prejudice (1940)
8.         Key Largo (1948)
Tak Fujimoto (US)
1.         Badlands (1973)
2.         Last Embrace (1979)
3.         Melvin and Howard (1980)
4.         Something Wild (1986)
5.         Pretty in Pink (1986)
6.         The Silence of the Lambs (1991)
7.         Philadelphia (1993)
8.         Devil in a Blue Dress (1995)
9.         The Sixth Sense (1999)
10.       The Manchurian Candidate (2004)
Lee Garmes (US)
1.         Morocco (1930)
2.         An American Tragedy (1931)
3.         Scarface (1932)
4.         Shanghai Express (1932)
5.         Gone with the Wind (1939)
6.         Jungle Book (1942)
7.         Duel in the Sun (1946)
8.         Nightmare Alley (1947)
9.         The Secret Life of Walter Mitty (1947)
10.       Detective Story (1951)
Conrad Hall (US)
1.         In Cold Blood (1967)
2.         Cool Hand Luke (1967)
3.         Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid (1969)
4.         Fat City (1972)
5.         Marathon Man (1976)
6.         Searching for Bobby Fischer (1993)
7.         A Civil Action (1998)
8.         American Beauty (1999)
9.         Road to Perdition (2002)
Janusz Kaminski (Pol.)
1.         Jerry Maguire (1996)
2.         Saving Private Ryan (1998)
3.         Artificial Intelligence: AI (2001)
4.         Catch Me If You Can (2002)
5.         Minority Report (2002)
6.         War of the Worlds (2005)
7.         Munich (2005)
8.         The Diving Bell and the Butterfly (2007)
9.         Funny People (2009)
10.       The Adventures of Tintin: Secret of the Unicorn (2011)
Boris Kaufman (Pol.)
1.         Zero de Conduite (1933)
2.         L'Atalante (1934)
3.         On the Waterfront (1954)
4.         12 Angry Men (1957)
5.         Baby Doll (1956)
6.         The Fugitive Kind (1960)
7.         Splendor in the Grass (1961)
8.         Long Day's Journey Into Night (1962)
9.         The Pawnbroker (1964)
10.       The Group (1966)
Darius Khondji (Iran)
1.         Delicatessen (1991)
2.         Seven (1995)
3.         The City of Lost Children (1995)
4.         Evita (1996)
5.         Stealing Beauty (1996)
6.         The Beach (2000)
7.         Panic Room (2002)
8.         Zidane: A 21st Century Portrait (2006)
9.         Funny Games (2008)
10.       Midnight in Paris (2011)
László Kovács (Hung.)
1.         Easy Rider (1969)
2.         Five Easy Pieces (1970)
3.         The King of Marvin Gardens (1972)
4.         What's Up, Doc? (1972)
5.         Paper Moon (1973)
6.         Shampoo (1975)
7.         New York, New York (1977)
8.         Ghost Busters (1984)
9.         Copycat (1995)
Robert Krasker (Austral.)
1.         Brief Encounter (1945)
2.         Odd Man Out (1947)
3.         The Third Man (1949)
4.         Cry, the Beloved Country (1951)
5.         Senso (1954)
6.         The Quiet American (1958)
7.         Billy Budd (1962)
8.         The Fall of the Roman Empire (1964)
9.         The Collector (1965)
Charles Lang (US)
1.         She Done Him Wrong (1933)
2.         Desire (1936)
3.         Midnight (1939)
4.         Ace in the Hole (1951)
5.         The Big Heat (1953)
6.         Gunfight at the O.K. Corral (1957)
7.         Some Like It Hot (1959)
8.         The Magnificent Seven (1960)
9.         Wait Until Dark (1967)
Ernest Laszlo (Hung.)
1.         M (1951)
2.         Stalag 17 (1953)
3.         The Moon Is Blue (1953)
4.         Vera Cruz (1954)
5.         Kiss Me Deadly (1955)
6.         Inherit the Wind (1960)
7.         Judgment at Nuremberg (1961)
8.         Fantastic Voyage (1966)
9.         Airport (1970)
10.       Logan's Run (1976)
Emmanuel Lubezki (Mex.)
1.         The Birdcage (1996)
2.         Meet Joe Black (1998)
3.         Great Expectations (1998)
4.         Sleepy Hollow (1999)
5.         Ali (2001)
6.         Lemony Snicket's A Series of Unfortunate Events (2004)
7.         The Assassination of Richard Nixon (2004)
8.         The New World (2005)
9.         Children of Men (2006)
10.       The Tree of Life (2011)
Rudolph Mate (Fr.)
1.         La passion de Jeanne d'Arc(1928)
2.         Vampyr (1932)
3.         Dodsworth (1936)
4.         Love Affair (1939)
5.         Foreign Correspondent (1940)
6.         My Favorite Wife (1940)
7.         The Pride of the Yankees (1942)
8.         To Be or Not to Be (1942)
9.         Cover Girl (1944)
10.       Gilda (1946)
Otello Martelli (It.)
1.         Paisà (1946)
2.         Variety Lights (1950)
3.         Stromboli (1950)
4.         I Vitelloni (1953)
5.         La Strada (1954)
6.         Nights of Cabiria (1957)
7.         La Dolce Vita (1960)
Chris Menges (UK)
1.         Kes (1969)
2.         Made in Britain (1982)
3.         Local Hero (1983)
4.         The Killing Fields (1984)
5.         The Mission (1986)
6.         Michael Collins (1996)
7.         The Boxer (1997)
8.         The Three Burials of Melquiades Estrada (2005)
9.         Notes on a Scandal (2006)
10.       The Reader (2008)
Kazuo Miyagawa (Jap.)
1.         Rashomon (1950)
2.         Ugetsu (1953)
3.         Sansho the Bailiff (1954)
4.         Floating Weeds (1959)
5.         Yojimbo (1961)
6.         Zatoichi (1964)
7.         Tokyo Olympiad (1965)
Oswald Morris (UK)
1.         Oliver Twist (1948)
2.         Look Back in Anger (1959)
3.         The Entertainer (1960)
4.         The Guns of Navarone (1961)
5.         Lolita (1962)
6.         The Pumpkin Eater (1964)
7.         The Spy Who Came in from the Cold (1965)
8.         Oliver! (1968)
9.         Sleuth (1972)
10.       The Man Who Would Be King (1975)
Robby Muller (Holl.)
1.         Alice in the Cities (1974)
2.         The American Friend (1977)
3.         Saint Jack (1979)
4.         Paris, Texas (1984)
5.         Mystery Train (1989)
6.         Dead Man (1995)
7.         Ghost Dog: The Way of the Samurai (1999)
8.         Dancer in the Dark (2000)
9.         24 Hour Party People (2002)
Asakazu Nakai (Jap.)
1.         Stray Dog (1949)
2.         Ikiru (1952)
3.         Seven Samurai (1954)
4.         Throne of Blood (1957)
5.         The End of Summer (1961)
6.         High and Low (1963)
7.         Red Beard (1965)
8.         Dersu Uzala (1975)
Sven Nykvist (Swed.)
1.         Sawdust and Tinsel (1953)
2.         The Silence (1963)
3.         Persona (1966)
4.         Cries and Whispers (1972)
5.         Fanny and Alexander (1982)
6.         Swann in Love (1984)
7.         The Sacrifice (1986)
8.         The Unbearable Lightness of Being (1988)
9.         Crimes and Misdemeanors (1989)
10.       Chaplin (1992)
Miroslav Ondrícek (Cz.)
1.         If.... (1968)
2.         O Lucky Man!(1973)
3.         Hair (1979)
4.         Ragtime (1980)
5.         The World According to Garp (1982)
6.         Silkwood (1983)
7.         Amadeus (1984)
8.         Valmont (1989)
9.         Awakenings (1990)
10.       A League of Their Own (1992)
George Perinal (Fr.)
1.         Under the Roofs of Paris (1930)
2.         The Blood of a Poet (1930)
3.         Le Million (1931)
4.         A Nous la Liberte (1931)
5.         The Private Life of Henry VIII (1933)
6.         Things to Come (1936)
7.         The Four Feathers (1939)
8.         The Life and Death of Colonel Blimp (1943)
9.         The Fallen Idol (1948)
10.       Bonjour tristesse (1958)
Wally Pfister (US)
1.         Memento (2000)
2.         Insomnia (2002)
3.         The Italian Job (2003)
4.         Batman Begins (2005)
5.         The Prestige (2006)
6.         The Dark Knight (2008)
7.         Inception (2010)
8.         Moneyball (2011)
Robert Richardson (US)
1.         Platoon (1986)
2.         Born on the Fourth of July (1989)
3.         JFK (1991)
4.         A Few Good Men (1992)
5.         Natural Born Killers (1994)
6.         Casino (1995)
7.         The Aviator (2004)
8.         Kill Bill: Vol. 1 & 2 (2003/4)
9.         Inglourious Basterds (2009)
10.       Shutter Island (2010)
Harold Rosson (US)
1.         The Docks of New York (1928)
2.         Red Dust (1932)
3.         Bombshell (1933)
4.         The Ghost Goes West (1935)
5.         Captains Courageous (1937)
6.         The Wizard of Oz (1939)
7.         On the Town (1949)
8.         The Asphalt Jungle (1950)
9.         Singin' in the Rain (1952)
10.       El Dorado (1966)
Harris Savides (US)
1.         The Game (1997)
2.         Finding Forrester (2000)
3.         The Yards (2000)
4.         Elephant (2003)
5.         Zodiac (2007)
6.         American Gangster (2007)
7.         Milk (2008)
8.         Greenberg (2010)
Douglas Slocombe (UK)
1.         Dead of Night (1945)
2.         Kind Hearts and Coronets (1949)
3.         The Man in the White Suit (1951)
4.         The Lavender Hill Mob (1951)
5.         Freud (1962)
6.         The Servant (1963)
7.         The Italian Job (1969)
8.         Julia (1977)
9.         Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981)
10.       Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1989)
Vittorio Storaro (It.)
1.         The Conformist (1970)
2.         Last Tango in Paris (1972)
3.         1900 (1976)
4.         Apocalypse Now (1979)
5.         Reds (1981)
6.         The Last Emperor (1987)
7.         Dick Tracy (1990)
8.         Bulworth (1998)
Robert Surtees (US)
1.         Intruder in the Dust (1949)
2.         Quo Vadis (1951)
3.         The Bad and the Beautiful (1952)
4.         Les Girls (1957)
5.         Ben-Hur (1959)
6.         Mutiny on the Bounty (1962)
7.         The Graduate (1967)
8.         Sweet Charity (1969)
9.         The Last Picture Show (1971)
10.       The Sting (1973)
Gregg Toland (US)
1.         Mad Love (1935)
2.         These Three (1936)
3.         Dead End (1937)
4.         Intermezzo: A Love Story (1939)
5.         Wuthering Heights (1939)
6.         The Long Voyage Home (1940)
7.         The Grapes of Wrath (1940)
8.         The Little Foxes (1941)
9.         Citizen Kane (1941)
10.       The Best Years of Our Lives (1946)
Geoffrey Unsworth (UK)
1.         A Town Like Alice (1956)
2.         A Night to Remember (1958)
3.         The World of Suzie Wong (1960)
4.         Becket (1964)
5.         Othello (1965)
6.         2001: A Space Odyssey (1968)
7.         Three Sisters (1970)
8.         Cabaret (1972)
9.         Superman (1978)
10.       Tess (1979)
Sacha Vierny (Fr.)
1.         Night and Fog (1955)
2.         Hiroshima Mon Amour (1959)
3.         Last Year at Marienbad (1961)
4.         Muriel (1963)
5.         Belle de jour (1967)
6.         Stavisky(1974)
7.         The Belly of an Architect (1987)
8.         The Cook, The Thief, His Wife & Her Lover (1989)
9.         Prospero's Books (1991)
10.       The Pillow Book (1996)
Haskell Wexler (US)
1.         America, America (1963)
2.         Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? (1966)
3.         In the Heat of the Night (1967)
4.         The Thomas Crown Affair (1968)
5.         Medium Cool (1969)
6.         One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (1975)
7.         Coming Home (1978)
8.         Matewan (1987)
9.         Mulholland Falls (1996)
10.       Limbo (1999)
Gordon Willis (US)
1.         Klute (1971)
2.         Bad Company (1972)
3.         The Godfather (1972)
4.         The Godfather: Part II (1974)
5.         The Parallax View (1974)
6.         All the President's Men (1976)
7.         Annie Hall (1977)
8.         Manhattan (1979)
9.         Stardust Memories (1980)
10.       Zelig (1983)
James Wong Howe (US)
1.         The Thin Man (1934)
2.         Fire Over England (1937)
3.         The Prisoner of Zenda (1937)
4.         Algiers (1938)
5.         Kings Row (1942)
6.         Body and Soul (1947)
7.         Picnic (1955)
8.         Sweet Smell of Success (1957)
9.         Hud (1963)
10.       Funny Lady (1975)
Freddie Young (UK)
1.         Goodbye, Mr. Chips (1939)
2.         Lust for Life (1956)
3.         The Inn of the Sixth Happiness (1958)
4.         Lawrence of Arabia (1962)
5.         Doctor Zhivago (1965)
6.         You Only Live Twice (1967)
7.         Ryan's Daughter (1970)
Vilmos Zsigmond (Hung.)
1.         McCabe & Mrs. Miller (1971)
2.         Deliverance (1972)
3.         The Long Goodbye (1973)
4.         Close Encounters of the Third Kind (1977)
5.         The Deer Hunter (1978)
6.         The Last Waltz (1978)
7.         Heaven's Gate (1980)
8.         The Witches of Eastwick (1987)
9.         The Two Jakes (1990)
10.       Melinda and Melinda (2004)

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